More Facts You Should Know About Addiction

Alcohol:

  • The younger a person starts drinking, the more likely it is that they will drink heavily, drink stronger drinks, and have an alcohol or drug problem when they are older.
  • Alcohol is the number one drug problem in America.

Marijuana:

  • Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in America. After alcohol, it tends to be the second most widely used illegal drug for those under age 21.
  • Marijuana impairs short term memory, alters sense of time, and impairs swift reactions, concentration, and coordination for at least 4-6 hours.

Cocaine/Crack:

  • 70 percent of people who try crack will become addicted to it the first time they use it.
  • Side effects include high blood pressure, seizures, irregular heartbeat, and heart attacks.

Methamphetamines:

  • The signs of meth use are weight loss, irritability, excitability, paranoia, wandering attention, sleeplessness for days and then sleeping for 24-36 hours straight.
  • Called crank, speed, or ice, methamphetamine is spreading across the country.

Inhalants:

  • Using inhalants even ONE time can put you at risk for sudden death, suffocation, visual hallucinations, severe mood swings, numbness, and tingling of hands and feet.
  • Long-use of inhalants has been associated with brain damage.

Heroin:

  • Heroin available on the street today at the gram level has an average purity of 40 to 60 percent, compared to about 7 percent a decade ago.

Tobacco:

  • Tobacco use causes approximately 1 of evey 5 deaths in the U.S. and is the single most preventable cause of death and disease in our nation.
  • Most people begin smoking between the ages of 10 and 18.

*1998 Illinois Red Ribbon Campaign material from IDEA

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